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War on 'Woke' Sparks Fear in Florida   03/30 06:08


   SARASOTA, Fla. (AP) -- Professors at the New College of Florida are using 
personal email because they're afraid of being subpoenaed.

   Students are concerned, too. Some fear for their physical safety. Many worry 
their teachers will be fired en masse and their courses and books will be 
policed. It's increasingly hard to focus on their studies.

   For years, students have come to this public liberal arts college on the 
western coast of Florida because they were self-described free thinkers. Now 
they find themselves caught in the crosshairs of America's culture war.

   Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis has targeted the tiny school on the shores of 
Sarasota Bay as a staging ground for his war on "woke." The governor and his 
allies say New College, a progressive school with a prominent LGBTQ+ community, 
is indoctrinating students with leftist ideology and should be revamped into a 
more conservative institution.

   Students and faculty say America should take note because the transformation 
at New College could become a blueprint with national implications as DeSantis 
gears up for a likely presidential bid.

   "I'm sorry, but this isn't an indoctrination facility. This isn't a factory 
that pumps out, you know, non-binary communists," says Viv Cargille, 20, a 
marine biology major from Miami. She is passionate about researching dolphin 
acoustics but finds it mentally exhausting to focus on classes in a climate she 
describes as turbulent, volatile and anxiety-inducing.

   Her roommate Olivia Pare, a second-year biology major, wishes the 
politicians would leave their school alone. "My biggest frustration is the way 
it is impacting my education. I am here to learn. I am not here to be more woke 
-- whatever that is," Pare said. When she does research in the organic 
chemistry lab, "we're not talking about organic chemistry anymore -- we're 
talking about whether my professor will get her tenure approved."

   In January, DeSantis and his allies overhauled the 13-member Board of 
Trustees and installed a majority of conservative figures. The new trustees 
promptly fired the college president and replaced her with a Republican 
politician, the first of several administrators to lose their jobs. Next, they 
dismantled the office of diversity and equity. They have not revealed future 
plans but trustees have posted vague warnings on social media like: "You will 
see changes in 120 days."

   Changes so far have come in tandem with a new bill DeSantis unveiled Jan. 31 
aimed at overhauling higher education in Florida. The bill would ban gender 
studies majors and minors, eliminate diversity programs and any hiring based on 
diversity, weaken tenure protections and put all hiring decisions in the hands 
of each university's board of trustees.

   The effect at New College has been chilling and disruptive. Students and 
faculty compare the upheaval to a "hostile takeover" that feels even more 
jarring because of what the school has represented to so many students for so 
many years: a haven of open-mindedness and acceptance in a place of idyllic 
beauty, with palm-tree-lined paths along a stretch of white-sand coast.

   "It felt very much like New College was a little bubble in Florida," said 
Willem Aspinall, 19, an environmental studies major who grew up in a Chicago 
suburb. "Now it feels like that has kind of been burst. The campus feels a lot 
less safe now."

   Students and faculty are afraid of one thing most of all: The extinction of 
New College as they know it.

   They are not wrong to worry.

   One of the new trustees is Christopher Rufo, a fellow at the conservative 
Manhattan Institute and architect of the right-wing outrage against critical 
race theory, a legal term that has come to represent teaching about the ongoing 
effects of slavery. Rufo actively posts on social media about his vision for 
the future of New College, often in militaristic terms. He has referred to new 
trustees at the public institution as the "landing team," saying, "We got over 
the wall," and referencing an operation to "recapture" the college.

   New College has its problems. The college performs poorly in certain state 
metrics, including a decline in enrollment until last year. Students complain 
of mold in dorms, broken elevators and other delayed maintenance because of 
years of underfunding. Some students say they would welcome more conservative 
students to balance the left-leaning student body. DeSantis and the new 
trustees cite the challenges as justification for the state intervention.

   "We will be shutting down low-performing, ideologically-captured academic 
departments and hiring new faculty," Rufo said in one tweet. "The student body 
will be recomposed over time: some current students will self-select out, 
others will graduate; we'll recruit new students who are mission-aligned." He 
and others have posted plans to "redesign the curriculum" with a goal of making 
the school more politically conservative.

   Some students are fleeing, for schools that feel safer. Many on campus have 
voiced a concern that the politically charged spotlight on their school could 
invite danger. Several professors who asked not to be named are sending out 
resumes. Trustee meetings have become a focal point of student protests, and 
the only source of information on the school's fate.

   New College has long been an anomaly in a state filled with large public 
universities. It has barely 700 students, no fraternities or sororities and no 
football team. It is Florida's designated honors college and produces an 
impressive number of the state's Fulbright scholars. It has a uniquely 
self-directed curriculum that allows students to design individualized majors. 
The average class size is 11 students. There are no letter grades; students get 
detailed "narrative evaluations" as part of a pass-fail system.

   The academic freedom is mirrored by a student body that feels free to 
express itself, say students and faculty, who describe New College as a haven 
for brainy kids who are high-achieving and intellectually curious. Some were 
the quiet kids in high school, or were bullied for being queer or different, or 
struggled socially because of autism or other disabilities. Some were 
homeschooled or come from alternative educational backgrounds that led them to 
be self-directed in their schooling. They arrived at New College and felt 
welcome in a way they never had before, say parents, students and faculty.

   There is a long table in the center of the New College dining hall that 
epitomizes the school's culture of acceptance, according to several students. 
People sitting there invite newcomers to come join them. Anyone walking in 
knows they never need to eat alone.

   "It is one of the most unique places I think that exists in American higher 
education," says Elizabeth C. Leininger, a neuroscientist and associate biology 
professor, who knows all her students by name. She compares an education at New 
College to small, private liberal arts schools at a fraction of the cost. 
In-state tuition at New College is $7,000 and out-of-state is $30,000, but many 
students get scholarships that cut tuition by at least half.

   For the first time in her academic career, Leininger is wondering if some of 
her courses, like "Sex, Gender, Mind and Brain," will court trouble.

   "I would have to think very carefully about how I am going to teach that 
class now," said Leininger, a graduate of Swarthmore College who did her Ph.D. 
at Columbia University, where she also taught. Like other faculty, Leininger is 
using personal email or encrypted messaging platforms when discussing the 
upheaval, fearing school email accounts will be subpoenaed. "There is very much 
a policing of ideas."

   Students, too, have shifted conversations on organizing protests to 
encrypted platforms like Signal and Slack to ensure privacy, says Gaby Batista, 
19, an anthropology major who has taken personal precautions as well. "I've 
made my Instagram private and took off my pronouns."

   For parents who have felt the intense heartache of watching their child 
struggle and then the deep relief of seeing them thrive, the upheaval at New 
College is making them relive a painful past.

   Psychologist Joyce White calls the experience "devastating" and 
"destabilizing" for the parents and students, particularly those who endured 
childhood bullying only to find themselves again feeling targeted. White's 
daughter, Lola, is a third-year biology major at New College with plans to be a 
veterinarian. Lola is autistic, has ADHD and "lives in a constant state of 
anxiety," her mother said. Ever since she was a child, Lola excelled at school 
but found it very stressful. She has difficulty adapting to change and feeling 
like she belongs. Until fifth grade, Lola threw up every day on the way to 
school, her mother said. The pandemic wreaked havoc on her mental health and 
disrupted Lola's college plans. She attended community college online for two 
years, before transferring in the fall of 2022 to New College.

   "We found this little school that was perfect for Lola," said White, who 
moved her family from Minnesota to Sarasota to ease Lola into college. It 
wasn't easy at first, adjusting to the Florida heat and to in-person classes, 
but Lola was settling in. She loved her small classes at New College and the 
ability to meet professors one-on-one. Her confidence was growing, which made 
her less introverted. She felt safe, and one day she joked with another student 
that she had no friends. The student responded, "You're our friend," and 
invited Lola to study with her group at the library.

   "I felt like I could connect to the people here. The kids are accepting -- 
of anyone. There is no judgment," said Lola. She was amazed at the resources 
the school offered to help students who were struggling. She was assigned an 
academic adviser, a career coach and a special adviser for transfer students. 
"When I told them I was struggling, they reached out even more. No one has ever 
done that for me before in education," Lola said, seated beside her mother at 
sunset on a recent evening along the school's private beach.

   "It's been such a long road, and I finally felt like I could see light at 
the end of the tunnel," said White, who recognizes in herself feelings of 
anxiety and depression as she worries if Lola will find her path again. "Now it 
feels like everything has blown up." She adds, "I'm trying to put on a brave 
face for her."

   Two of Lola's friends are transferring out of New College. Lola has 
struggled lately with panic attacks, stress and difficulty concentrating on 
schoolwork. But for now, she plans to stay. "I can do it, but there will be 
repercussions on my mental health."

   Meanwhile, students and faculty are noticing new restrictions they worry are 
aimed at curtailing freedom of expression. Faculty received a memo recently 
with new recommended guidelines for email signatures: They "should only 
include" name, title, college address, logo and phone number, which faculty see 
as a ruling that disallows pronouns. An event known as V.I.P. Weekend that was 
organized by the diversity and equity office to host prospective students 
overnight was also abruptly canceled. And maintenance crews recently were 
instructed to wash away chalk drawings and messages that covered a campus 
overpass, part of a longstanding tradition of eclectic artwork and expression. 
Many of the chalk messages voiced outrage at DeSantis and the new trustees or 
carried messages of support, such as: "Diversity is our strength."

   Faculty are advising students to concentrate on schoolwork and block out the 
noise, but it's hard to shake the feeling that the worst is yet to come, said 
Aspinall, the environmental studies major.

   "I'm concerned they're going to take a school that does not indoctrinate 
students and turn it into a school that does."

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